Economical, sufficient and appropriate feeding to all the categories of cows in Gaushalas should be the key ingredient in feeding management. As feed accounts for more than half of the total cost of maintaining cows in Gaushalas, proper planning should ensure minimum wastage and round the year availability of feed and fodder. The quantity of food given should be optimum for maintaining health and normal behavior promoting the growth of young animals. It should be according to the body requirements of different categories of cows housed separately in Gaushalas. The condition becomes more critical in Gaushalas when the availability of feed is scarce. In such situations, the feeding strategy should aim at utilizing rumen fermentation to obtain maximum nutrients from the forage (green or dry fodder) based diets and ensure the most favorable balance feeding of the cows. e.g. urea molasses treatment.
Fodder arrangement is the biggest challenge to run sustainable Gaushala. If proper food is not available than other products would not be produced. In India, there are so many Gaushala in which cows die due to hunger or unavailability of proper food. In some Gaushalas workers are not getting their salaries or salaries delayed for so long. To overcome such problems, we planned how to arrange fodder. The management not only provides the fodder to Gaushala but also helps to give employment and decreases residual burning of the farmland, which will also protect the environment.